Zanzibar 132kV Backbone Transmission Infrastructure

The United Republic of Tanzania (URT) is union between Tanganyika (mainland Tanzania) and Zanzibar. The United Republic of Tanzania is a geographically large, diverse, and strategically important lower-middle-income country (LMIC) on the Indian Ocean. Out of 54 African countries, Tanzania is the 5th largest in terms of population, the 9th largest in terms of the size of economy (by gross domestic product [GDP] in US dollars), and the 13th largest in terms of geographical area. Solid income growth over two decades has led the country to reach LMIC status in July 2020.

Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous region of the United Republic of Tanzania. Zanzibar has its own legislative assembly, judicial system, and an executive headed by the President. The Zanzibar archipelago consists of two main islands, Unguja and Pemba. The two islands are located roughly 35 kilometers (km) off the coast of mainland Tanzania and are surrounded by a group of approximately 50 islets. As a result of high population growth rate (2.8 percent), Zanzibar’s population was 1.6 million in 2019, with about 70 percent in Unguja and the rest in Pemba. Currently, over 60 percent of the inhabitants live in urban areas, and the population density is more than ten times higher than on mainland Tanzania and its urbanization rate is twice as much as the national average (33 percent). The United Republic of Tanzania has received financing from the World Bank toward financing of the Zanzibar energy Sector Transformation and Access Project (ZESTA). The implementation agency of the ZESTA project, the Zanzibar Electricity Corporation (ZECO), intends to use part of the proceeds of the financing to fund consulting services for the management and supervision of construction (Owner’s Engineer) for the proposed 132kV Backbone Transmission Infrastructure investments that are also financed under ZESTA.......

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